In this post I will explain how to configure WEB VPN (or sometimes called SSL VPN) using the Anyconnect VPN client on a Cisco 870 router. However the configuration example and concept is the same for other Cisco router models as well.
Web Based VPN has three Remote Access modes:
Clientless – You connect to a web page portal from which you can have access to web based applications, File Sharing and Outlook Web Access (OWA) inside the corporate network .
Thin client – This mode allows TCP Port- Forwarding on applications, such as Telnet, SSH, SMTP POP3, Remote Desktop Connection (RDP). It uses a Java applet. This mode may be used only on TCP Based Applications.
Tunnel Mode or AnyConnect VPN client – almost same as an Easy VPN Client (IPSEC VPN client). In this mode you must have Administrator permissions on your remote access laptop/PC and any IP based Application can be used through this mode. A Java client is downloaded to the user’s PC and facilitates the security and encryption from the remote user towards the termination device (router or firewall).
Both ASA and Cisco IOS Routers support web vpn technologies. On ASA an extra license is required if you want to have more than two users for your remote access web vpn. Without purchasing any license it provides support for only two users.
We will be using the following Network diagram in our example:
Requirements for Anyconnect VPN:
- Java runtime 1.4 or later.
- Cisco IOS 12.4(15)T7 (supports ONLY clientless Web Based VPN)
- CISCO IOS 12.4(20)T (supports all web vpn modes, both clientless and anyconnect Client VPN).
Used in Lab for this tutorial:
- Cisco IOS Software, C870 Software (C870-ADVSECURITYK9-M), Version 12.4(20)T, RELEASE SOFTWARE (fc3)
- ANY Connect Client: anyconnect-win-2.3.2016-k9.
- FireFox 3.6.8 and IE 8
- Windows XP SP2 and Windows Server Ultimate 32 bit
crypto pki trustpoint local
rsakeypair my_key 1024 1024
!Generate Certificate and turn on HTTPS Service
crypto pki enroll local
ip http secure-server
!Before starting the actual configuration of Web Vpn, first we configure Gateway, on which IP address we shall terminate the Anyconnect VPN, which certificates to use, on which port we shall run the VPN and any redirections necessary ( i.e. if request comes on port 80 port, it will redirect the user to port 443). All these are configured under the webvpn mode.
! enable webvpn gateway configuration mode to configure SSL VPN Gateway. ONLY one Gateway is configured in an SSL VPN Network
webvpn gateway soho
! configure hostname for SSL VPN; in our example hostname is home
!configure IP address and port on which SSL VPN will connect.
ip address 188.8.131.52 port 443
!Configure SSL Certificate; in our Example this Certificate is Self-signed
ssl trustpoint local
!configure Redirect. If somebody connects to TCP port 80 it will be redirected to port 443
http-redirect port 80
! Enable WebVPN Gateway
!turn on AAA and for authentication we use local database
aaa authentication login webvpn local
!Create Local address pool, from which we’ll assign IP addresses to anyconnect clients.
ip local pool webvpn1 192.168.2.5 192.168.2.10
!Create loopback interface, if we want to announce this network in any dynamic protocol.
ip address 192.168.2.1 255.255.255.0
!Create access list, which later will be used to control what the webvpn client will be allowed to access. This is not access list for Split Tunneling. Split Tunnel is created in context configuration mode.
ip access-list extended webvpn-acl
permit tcp 192.168.2.0 0.0.0.255 host 192.168.3.100 eq 3389
!After this we need to create a profile context.
! Create Webvpn context; same as profile on easy vpn
webvpn context networkstraining.com
! change default Title
title “IP Networks Training and Tutorials”
! Verify SSL Certificate.
ssl authenticate verify all
! Change default login message displayed on login page before user login.
login-message “Enter your credentials”
!Configure policy for this group with name networkstraining
policy group networkstraining
!configure banner to be displayed after successful login
banner “authentication success”
! enable tunnel support for the remote user. If the Cisco AnyConnect VPN Client software package fails to install, the remote user can continue to use clientless mode or thin-client mode.
! Below we configure an SSL VPN tunnel access filter which uses the ACL we have created above. Gives us the opportunity to control which type of traffic must allow or block via access list. In our example we created webvpn-acl access list, which permits access from network 192.168.2.0/24 to TCP 3389 ( Remote Desktop Protocol ) of host 192.168.3.100 and all the rest are blocked.
filter tunnel webvpn-acl
! Configure IP address pool. When client is connected via anyconnect client an IP will be assigned from this pool.
svc address-pool webvpn1
! Configures the domain for a policy group.
svc default-domain “http://networks-trainingwp.8rkhfrrwpy-e9249nqvk6kr.p.runcloud.link”
! To install Cisco any connect client on User’s PC. When this feature is not turned on, when user is disconnected then Cisco anyconnect client will be automatically uninstalled.
!In case of successful authorization it will show us URL below
svc homepage “http://networks-trainingwp.8rkhfrrwpy-e9249nqvk6kr.p.runcloud.link”
!Configures the tunnel key to be refreshed by initiating a new tunnel connection
svc rekey method new-tunnel
! Below is the split tunnel configuration which specifies the destination network to permit access within the tunnel when the user connects via Cisco anyconnect client. If we don’t indicate this parameter, then there will be Full Tunnel, meaning that all traffic will pass through the Cisco web VPN Server
svc split include 192.168.3.0 255.255.255.0
!The name of authentication group. We’ve already created AAA group named webvpn and here this group will be used
aaa authentication list webvpn
! Bind this context to Gateway created above
! Activate created context.
After the above we need to install anyconnect client to the flash memory of the router. The version of anyconnect client must support the operating system of the users that will be using the anyconnect service.
webvpn#copy tftp://192.168.3.100/anyconnect-win-2.3.2016-k9.pkg flash
webvpn(config)#webvpn install svc flash:anyconnect-win-2.3.2016-k9.pkg
After this we check if anyconnect cliet installation was successful in our configuration.
webvpn install svc flash:/webvpn/svc_1.pkg sequence 1