Because as technology geeks we spend many hours in front of the computer, I found the following article useful for all of us.
First, the computer screen should be as far away as possible from the office window and placed in parallel with it (ie as you work, the window should be right or left). This will reduce the direct illumination of the computer screen and the annoying and harmful reflections.
In any case it is wrong to place the monitor in such a way that we you can directly see the window. So, in addition that we limit reflections, we also avoid the high light intensity from the side of the window.
A second step in the right direction is the placement of the computer screen so that the upper edge is at about our eye level. So we avoid eyestrain when reading and movements of the head for continuous reading become smaller.
Since in most cases the papers from which we read have black letters on white background, the same color must also be used on the computer screen (white background-black letters).
Brightness and Contrast
With the help of brightness settings we need to set our screen so that the black spots are actually black and not grey. The contrast should be adjusted so that the white parts of the image are actually white. In short, the shades of grey should be distinguished as much as possible on our screen.
The distance from the screen should be roughly between 45 – 70 cm and ideally 60 cm. Within that distance, the letters on the screen must have a minimum size of 3 mm.
The screen size must be at least 15 and ideally 17 inches. Attention should be paid to the high refresh rate. The minimum refresh rate suggested by standards is 73 Hz. The bigger the screen the greater must be the refresh rate. For 15 inch screen, an analysis of 800×600 pixels is suggested. While higher analysis will result in better resolution, the letters and symbols are very small and tiring for the eye. For a screen of 17 inches, an ideal analysis is 1024×768. Higher analysis should only be used on larger screens.
The formula for calculating the minimum vertical scan frequency is: Vertical resolution in pixels * refresh rate * 1.06
For an office position which is illuminated by day light, use light intensity of at least 300 Lux. In other cases (evening, enclosed spaces, etc.) use a minimum illumination of 500 Lux.
In many office positions the lighting changes greatly during the day, for this reason window blinds or similar means are suggested for reducing the very strong light.
To keep radiation as low as possible, the computer monitor shall at least meet the requirements of MPR II standard. Better standards are TCO 1995 or TCO 1999.